Online Learning , Learning Theories and Perspective

Here is what I have “learned” this week:

theoriestable

Using cognitivism and recall what I have learned in my PIDP here is what I would like to add from the top of my head, plus the new information, it would go like this:

BEHAVIORISM: For me, it is potty training. As a mother a few years back I had to potty train, my daughter. Like most mother out there I ask friends and family: how they have done it with their children. A good friend of mine told me Smarties. She does a number one; you gave her one Smarties, a number two, two Smarties. I was outraged by the idea; she is a child, not a dog was I thinking. But what di I have to loos. Two weeks later we said bye to diapers and never used pull-up.

Behaviorism is great in Elearning I believe in two situations.
– When there’s only one good answer. Often skills that are low in the Bloom’s taxonomy. Example: Anytime we use gamification.
– When we give feedback, positive reinforcement.

I like to look at behaviorism only in the positive light. Carrots only, the sticks are not for me.

HUMANISM: I have the Maslow triangle imprinted in my head. But struggle to see how and when this would apply to online learning. Probably by providing a lot of resources and let the students go, nourishing them an to ensure that the lower part of the pyramid or fulfil so they can achieve self-actualisation.

triangle

COGNITIVISM: For me cognitivism = Bloom’s Taxonomy. Your course outcomes need to match the level used to assess them.

blooms

This would be applied in the Elearning development do I assess to the same level than my outcome.

Cognitivism sees students as computers so all exercises that call for a recall would be connected. Cognitivism also includes the facilitation of way of teaching that I could see myself using a lot because of my own bias. I lean the best whit the discovery way of learning.

SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY: Witch is mentoring, not something that has been covering or easy to do with online learning but I wanted to mention it because this is what I would like to have in my next position as a learning specialist in the corporate world. It has been difficult for me to work as a student with different generation but I believe I could bring something to someone that has been in this industry for a long time but mostly: I would love to absorb knowledge of someone else that has the experience that I don’t.

CONSTRUCTIVISM: How we make sense of our experience like Driscoll would say: “Knowledge is constructed by learners as they attempt to make sense of their experiences. Learners, therefore, are not vessels waiting to be filled, but rather active organisms seeking meaning.” It all related, the same way that I mention that for me behaviorism = potty training. I used my life experience to make sense of one learning theory.

Would definitely use constructivism in my online teaching by asking my students to use the experience to define there learning.
– Name one time you wish you used this technique? ( recall of a bad experience that could be avoided with the new knowledge)

With all this, I would say that the easiest way to build Elearning is with Behaviorism, but I am certain that it does not apply to all. I project myself using more Behaviorism in online-only situation in the corporate world ( like harassment politic type on training) and constructivism and cngytivism in blended teaching situation.

Reference

  1. Driscoll, M. P. (2014). Psychology of learning for instruction. Harlow, Essex: Pearson.
  2. Duncan, W. (2017, November 24). Blooms Taxonomy Question Stems and Multiple Choice Questions. Retrieved January 25, 2018, from https://get.quickkeyapp.com/blooms-taxonomy-question-stems/
  3. Merriam, S. B., & Bierema, L. L. (2014). Adult learning: linking theory and practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, a Wiley brand.
  4. Kremer, W., & Hammond, C. (2013, September 01). Abraham Maslow and the pyramid that beguiled business. Retrieved January 25, 2018, from http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-23902918

 

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