Engagement and Motivation

Brophy defines motivation in the classroom as “the level of enthusiasm and the degree to which students invest attention and effort in learning.” (2004, p4)

I choose this quote because I firmly believe this is true. Motivation comes from within.E Barkley said “this definition implies an internal state, a concept that differs considerably from the external manipulation of rewards and punishment that was emphasized in early, behaviorist studies of motivation.

For me, this quote reflects well what Daniel Pink had to say in his TedTlak https://www.ted.com/talks/dan_pink_on_motivation. To get motivation, we should promote autonomy mastery and purpose, not the carrots and sticks.

The easiest way to apply this to my teaching is:

1. Purpose: Adult needs to know WHY they are learning. How is it relevant right now.
2. Autonomy: This might be childish, but I believe that there’s always a way to give autonomy to students. Letting them choose the subject of an assignment. Classroom agreement or as simple as time to take a break.
3. Mastery: I think that this is a bit more difficult for me to see but I believe that it is part of applying the growth mindset

Brophy, J. E. (2004). Motivating students to learn. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum
Barkley, E. F. (n.d.). Student Engagement Technique. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.



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